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ARC Regional Snapshot: Growth is Strong in Metro Atlanta’s Hispanic and Latino Communities

Posted on: Feb 22, 2018

By Mike Carnathan, Group Manager, Research and Analytics

Attracted by the job opportunities arising from a strong economy, an increasing number of international residents have come to call the Atlanta region home — and a significant portion of that population is made of up individuals of Hispanic/Latino origin. Nearly 49% of the region’s “foreign-born” population hails from North, Central, or South America.

(Note: I use the terms “Hispanic” and “Latino” interchangeably in this piece, as they are closely related. But there is a difference: The former refers to Spanish-speaking countries, while the latter refers to Latin American countries, including non-Spanish speaking countries like Brazil.)

In just one decade, metro Atlanta’s Latino population more than doubled

Foreign Born population by region of birth Foreign Born population by americas by country of birth

Between 2000 and 2010, metro Atlanta’s Hispanic/Latino population grew from 268,851 to 547,400. That’s a rate of 118%. The region is expected to add 821,541 more Hispanic/Latino residents by 2040, for a 150% increase 2010-2040.

(The metro Atlanta MSA refers to the 29-country region as defined by the U.S. Census.)

In 2015, Hispanics comprised 10.7% of the Atlanta region’s population

Nationally, the metro Atlanta MSA ranks 20th in the size of its Hispanic/Latino population. The highest concentrations of this population are in Gwinnett, Barrow, Hall, Forsyth, North Fulton, and Cobb counties.

These days, most of metro Atlanta’s new Latinos come from elsewhere in the United States

Foreign born population growth

Between 2000-2015, U.S. born Hispanics/Latinos accounted for 69% of the Hispanic/Latino population growth in metro Atlanta. In previous decades, immigration of the foreign born was the primary driver of Hispanic/Latino growth. In fact, percentagewise, we’ve seen a complete reversal from the 1990-2000 period, when 69% of the region’s Latino population growth came from foreign-born immigration.

Georgia has the fastest Latino growth rate in the nation.

Between 2000 and 2015, Georgia’s Hispanic/Latino population increased by 118%. (Florida and Texas came in second and third, with growth rates of 86% and 60%.)

Stewart County, in southwestern Georgia, saw the largest percentage increase in the Hispanic-Latino population, experiencing 34% growth between 2013 and 2016. That’s compared to a Hispanic growth rate of 7.5% across the entire state during that time period.

The Atlanta region’s Latino population is relatively young

The median age of metro Atlanta Latinos is 26. That’s compared to a median age of 36 overall, and 41 for individuals who identify as White, Non-Hispanic. That’s important for the region’s leaders to keep in mind as they make policy and planning decisions, as different age groups have different needs, concerns, and goals.

The priorities of a growing population
ARC’s Metro Atlanta Speaks Survey takes the pulse of metro Atlanta residents as it helps guide the region’s planning and decision-making.

Here’s how the region’s growing Hispanic/Latino population responded to key questions in 2017:

  • Biggest Problems Facing the Region?
    #1 Transportation
    #2 Human Services
    #3 Public Health

(The population as a whole rated crime second and public education third.)

  • Would you be willing to pay more in taxes to expand public transit, including buses and rail?
    64% Agree or Strongly Agree (v. 51% of the overall population)

 

  • “I frequently lack transportation to get to places I need to go.”
    33% Agree or Strongly Agree (v. 27% of the overall population)

 

  • Views of public education in metro Atlanta overall?
    43% Excellent or Good (v. 32.5% of the overall population)

 

  • Rate metro Atlanta as a place to raise kids?
    59% Excellent or Good (v. 50% of the overall population)

 

  • Your optimism for the future?
    Nearly 47% “Better in 3-4 years” (v. less than 30% of the overall population)

These maps show how Georgia’s Hispanic/Latino population has grown through the years

These four maps document the county-by-county growth pattern of the Hispanic/Latino population from 1980 to 2010. In 1980, this population was concentrated in and around the state’s military bases — Fort Benning and Fort Stewart. However, in the 1990s, Hispanics and Latinos began to migrate en masse to places like Dalton and Atlanta.

By 2010, the Hispanic/Latino population made up more than 2% of most of the state’s counties, with many counties more than 5% Hispanic/Latino, and a few approaching 30% or more.  Whitfield County, the global leader in the carpet industry, now has the highest county-level concentration of Hispanics/Latinos in Georgia — 33.5% of the total population.

Find more details about this story, complete with graphs and other visuals over at 33n, our regional data blog which regularly shares research about the metro Atlanta Region.

NOTICE: Gov. Brian Kemp has extended a public health emergency declaration and a statewide shelter-in-place order for older adults and medically fragile residents through June 12.

The Atlanta Regional Commission office at 229 Peachtree Street, NE Atlanta, is closed to the public until further notice. All employees are working remotely and conducting business operations. ARC employees can be contacted directly during normal business hours. However, if you need immediate assistance call 404-463-3100.

If you are seeking resources for older persons and individuals with disabilities, contact us at404-463-3333 or visit empowerline.org.

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