A person with Limited English Proficiency (LEP) is defined as someone who does not speak English as their primary language and who has a limited ability to read, speak, write or understand English.
The purpose of the LEP Plan is to outline the responsibilities of ARC in regards to LEP persons and establish a process for providing assistance to them for agency programs, activities and services pursuant to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Executive Order 13166.
Metro Atlanta’s LEP Population
According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, the 20-county metropolitan planning area has a total population of more than 4.8 million age 5 and older. The Census estimates that 366,317, or 7.6 percent, have Limited English Proficiency (LEP), with Gwinnett County accounting for more than 31 percent of this population. About 64 percent of LEP persons speak Spanish , followed by Korean (6 percent), Vietnamese (6 percent) and Chinese (4 percent). These four groups are targeted for assistance in the LEP plan.
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
“No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”
Executive Order 13166
The purpose of Executive Order 13166: Improving Access to Service for Persons with Limited English Proficiency, to clarify Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is to ensure accessibility to programs and services to otherwise eligible persons who are not proficient in the English language.
This executive order states that individuals who do not speak English well and who have a limited ability to read, write, speak, or understand English are entitled to language assistance under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 with respect to a particular type of service, benefit, or encounter. These individuals are referred to as being limited English proficient or “LEP.”
Title VI and Executive Order 13166 requires Federal departments and agencies to develop and make available guidance on how recipients of Federal funds should assess and address the needs of LEP individuals seeking assistance.